The exact Casino Environment
Before the recent economic downturn, commercial casinos amassed at least $30 billion in revenues each year from 2006 through 2008. 1 During this period, US casino owners made new facilities and expanded the size of their existing conveniences. As a result of the economic downturn, new US commercial 카지노사이트 engineering has come to a screeching halt and casino staff are now focused on existing facility cost reduction.
The Sections 179(D) Tax Provisions
Increasingly, casino operators are taking a look at the EPAct IRC section 179(D) commercial building vitality efficiency tax provisions, which have been extended through 2013. EPAct tax deductions are available for qualifying energy reductions in lighting effects, HVAC(heating, ventilation, and air conditioning), and building surround. (Building envelope consists of the building’s foundation, walls, roof covering, windows, and doors, all of which control the flow of one’s between the interior and exterior of the building. )
The size of Casino Properties
Commercial casinos often encompass hotel destinations, which offer attractive packages of services for their corporate in addition to family customers. Casinos are particularly suited to EPAct because of their sizeable gaming floors, hotel occupancy rooms, meeting halls, plus parking garages. Each of these features typically consumes large total area and the EPAct benefit has a potential for up to 60 centaine per square foot for each of the three measures identified above. Some of the smallest commercial casinos are about 70, 000 square feet while most American casinos are typically over 95, 000 square feet. One of the largest ones, MGM Grand in the Las Vegas strip is almost 2 million square feet. Hotels are the most favored of Section 179 building category. (See “Hotels and Motels Most Favored Energy Policy React Tax Properties”)
It is common to think of commercial casinos as centered at two states Nevada and New Jersey. While it is true such two states have the largest commercial casino revenues, one can find 12 states with commercial casinos in the United States, the other financial casino states are: Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Pennsylvania, and South Dakota. Customers of the American Gaming Association have publicized some of their commitments to energy reduction. Reporting casinos include Boyd Gambling Corporation, Harrah’s Entertainment, Inc., and MGM Mirage. Obtained projects which include significant energy savings via cogeneration, ERV(energy recovery ventilation), more efficient HVAC units, replacing incandescent devices with energy efficient lightings, windows with energy efficient day lights systems, solar thermal storage and numerous other energy saving initiatives.
The main rule set to qualify for the Section 179D lighting levy deduction makes casinos and particularly casino hotels the best favored property category for the tax incentive. The law set requires at least a 25% watts-per-square foot declination as compared to the 2001 ASHRAE (American Society of Heating systems Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers) building energy code ordinary. Full tax deduction is achieved with a 40% watts-per-square foot reduction compared to the ASHRAE 2001 standard. The ASHRAE 2004 hotel/motel building code standard requires 40% wattage reduction, which means that any hotel or motel lighting setup that meets that building code requirement will routinely qualify for the maximum EPAct tax deduction.
For the majority other building categories, the Section 179D tax convention require compliance with the bi-level switching requirement. The comparing is always based on wired rather than plug-in lighting. Casino accommodation occupancy rooms have a major advantage in that they often make use of plug-in lighting, and because these rooms function as hotel and even motel spaces, they are specifically excluded from the tax bi-level switching requirement. Since occupant rooms are usually one of the large spaces in hotel casinos, casinos are typically able to employ energy efficient lighting to generate large EPAct tax deductions with the facility.
Back of the House Spaces
Casinos often have large your kitchen, storage, and laundry (so called back of the house) spaces that have historically used T-12 fluorescent lighting. The following lighting is so energy inefficient compared to today’s lighting products and solutions that it will be illegal to manufacture in the United States after Come early july 1, 2010. 4 Once manufacturing of these prior new release lighting products ceases, the cost of replacing these inefficient incandescent bulbs will increase. Simply stated, casinos should consider acting now to replace most of these lighting fixtures to save both energy and lamp replacement expenditures. The EPAct lighting tax incentive can be used to address the exact opportunities related to these legally mandated product changes
Bowling ball Rooms, Banquet Rooms and Restaurants
These areas of gambling dens have historically used designer type lighting that is electricity inefficient and often very expensive to maintain and replace. In particular, upgrading bulbs and lamps in high ceilings is very great priced since expensive mobile hydraulic platform equipment must be rented out or purchased to handle the replacements. New lighting services, in particular, light emitting diode (LED) products, use a tiny fraction of the energy and have a much longer useful life and tend to be now being substituted. The combination of large energy price tag reduction, operating cost reductions, utility rebates and EPAct tax deductions can greatly improve the economic payback out of these more costly lighting upgrades.
Many gambling houses have large adjoining parking garages that can save major energy costs and generate large tax deductions by way of upgrading to energy efficient fixtures. In Notice 2008-40 written March 7th, 2008, the IRS announced that car garages are a property class that is specifically entitled to operate the EPAct tax deductions. Also, parking garages are ruled out from the tax bi-level switching requirement. Please see the Sept,, 2008 International Parking Institute article devoted to parking dép?t EPAct lighting deduction tax opportunities. 5
Slot Machines together with Gaming Floors
One of the biggest energy users on hotel gambling floors is slot machines. Although these were early adapters with fluorescent technology, even these energy efficient bulbs normally have to generally be changed 3 times a year because of 24/7 operating hours. As a consequence of high labor maintenance costs, casino owners are now shifting to LED technology in their slot machines. LED’s, while obtained higher up front costs, have high energy efficiency and much for a longer time life cycle, offering significant savings in labor repairs and maintanance costs.